Modern Art - Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso dominated the development of the visual arts during the first half of the twentieth century. His virtuosity, imagination, and expressive power made an impressive contribution to the era of the arts. Picasso is best known as one of the creators of Cubism, though he utilized many styles during his career.

Picasso believed that since life is in violent flux, so also is art. He borrowed from his own past inventions in order to develop new ones. Picasso's Guernica (1937), often considered the greatest painting of the twentieth century, is an apocalyptic indictment of man's inhumanity to man. Broken bodies and broken forms are evoked by crude technique to define the savagery of war. Picasso purposely includes only those elements that contribute to brutality and fright, accentuating certain features, eliminating others. Meaning and form are interconnected. Guernica was painted as a protest against the bombing of the town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.

After 1945, Picasso's artwork developed a more relaxed and gentle feeling. In 1973, Picasso died at the age of 92 at his villa in Mougins.